The European road transport sector is facing the most acute professional driver shortage in decades, a new report by the International Road Transport Union (IRU) has found.
The report is based on insight from stakeholders across the European transport industry and drawn from two surveys conducted by IRU.
Polling of IRU members and associated organisations in Europe from October 2018 to January 2019 revealed a visible driver shortage of 21% in the freight transport sector and 19% in the bus and coach sector. The problem is accelerating, with the shortfall predicted to reach 40% in both sectors as demand grows in 2019.
Boris Blanche, IRU’s Managing Director commented: “The transport industry needs to take immediate and decisive action to tackle the driver shortage. Left unchecked, it will have serious implications for the European economy and lead to rising costs for businesses, consumers and passengers.
“But there is no shortage of opportunity in this profession. In fact, our research found that job satisfaction tends to be high, with only 20% of drivers surveyed expressing any dissatisfaction with their work.”
What’s causing the driver shortage?
According to IRU’s research:
- 57% of male drivers and 63% of female drivers believe the poor image of the profession is stifling recruitment.
- 79% of drivers believe the difficulty of attracting women to the profession is one of the top reasons for the driver shortage. This is underlined by data from the International Transport Forum, showing female drivers make up just 2% of European road transport drivers .
- 70% of drivers aged 25-34 believe the difficulty of attracting young drivers is one of top reasons for the driver shortage.
- Amongst drivers, 76% believe that working conditions, and 77% think long periods away from home deter many from entering the profession.
- The industry also suffers from an ageing labour force. In Europe the majority of freight transport sector companies are employing drivers whose average age is 44 years old, while in the passenger transport sector the average age of their employed drivers is 52 years old.
Mr Blanche continued, “A global effort must be made to address negative misperceptions and improve the image of the profession. At the same time, all industry stakeholders must act to improve working conditions in the sector. The treatment of drivers should be improved, with adequate and sufficient infrastructure and facilities provided.
“For industry to attract a new and diverse workforce, particularly increasing the employment of young people and women, a more inclusive recruitment policy must be put into place across the sector.”
The IRU Driver Shortage Road Map
To address these challenges, IRU has worked in close co-operation with its members to create an action plan of short, medium and long-term measures.
IRU has already taken steps, including the regular collection of solid company data, to find facts and monitor trends. It has launched a joint initiative with the European Shippers Council (ESC) to develop common principles aimed at improving the treatment of drivers at delivery sites. IRU has also established an expert group to address driver training legislation and its effectiveness.
IRU will set up a Women in Transport Network, aimed at increasing the number of women in the transport sector and their representation at all working levels as well as to promote transport as an attractive field for women to work in. It will contribute to incentives such as creating awards for female drivers and best performing companies in terms of recruitment, inclusiveness and retention.
Matthias Maedge, IRU’s General Delegate, warned: “Already the driver shortage is creating serious headaches for transport operators, impacting the people and businesses that rely on their services. Unfortunately, this is only set to worsen. We should not be fooled into thinking automation will solve this issue. There is still some way to go until the road transport industry sees full automation, and the partial adoption we are currently witnessing will require a sizeable workforce with an increasingly diverse skillset. This makes the need for decisive action to attract new talent all the more immediate.
“IRU has made the driver shortage one of its key priorities for 2019. We will work with public and private stakeholders such as national governments, local authorities, and social and industry partners to find solutions to address the impending crisis.”
- In the UK, the country’s exit from the European Union arrives just as its shortage of drivers is estimated to be growing at a staggering rate of 50 drivers per day.
- The average driver age in Germany is now over 47, meaning that some 40% of the truck and 55% of bus driver workforce is expected to retire by 2027, creating a shortfall of around 185,000 drivers.
- In Belgium, bus operators estimate that the needs of the industry will require them to hire 28% more drivers than levels in 2018, resulting in a driver shortage of almost 50%.
- In Norway truck companies estimate that their demand for drivers will increase by 12% in 2019. Combined with the 22% vacancy rate identified in 2018, this will increase their driver shortage to 35%.
- Truck companies in Romania faced a driver shortage of 37% in 2018 and indicated that 32% more drivers would be needed for growth in 2019, creating a driver shortage of almost 70% if the problem is not addressed.
IRU is the world road transport organisation, promoting economic growth, prosperity and safety through the sustainable mobility of people and goods. Founded in 1948, IRU has members and activities in more than 100 countries. IRU has been managing the only global customs transit system for moving goods across international borders (TIR) since 1949.
Two surveys were conducted for this report:
The IRU Driver Shortage survey was shared electronically with selected IRU members and companies represented by IRU. It was launched in October 2018 and the preliminary results, shared in the present document, were collated in January 2019. The final sample was 365 respondents from five countries in Europe (Belgium, Norway, Romania, The Netherlands and Poland), with different profiles, sizes and from both the passenger and road freight sector.
The 2018 IRU report was conducted under the supervision of Random SA by Asia Research Partners. Three different online surveys were launched with a common set of questions for truck drivers within 10 European countries, transport companies within the framework of transport operators, freight forwarders and brokers from 19 countries across Europe, GCC and Asia; and International organisations involved in road transport and international trade. Results have been collected from the end of August to mid-September 2018. The total number of respondents was 406. The distribution is based on the road transport volume per country (IRU data) and extrapolated to reach an equal number of responses across the different regions.
Claire Meyer, IRU
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