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Fuel prices

Fuel prices

Responding to the fuel crisis

With growing global energy security concerns, there is no end in sight to fuel price volatility. Fuel prices have rapidly increased in many regions since the war in Ukraine began. Prices have nearly doubled in some places, especially on the European continent and in the Americas, and this has caused severe cash flow difficulties for road transport operators.

General prices are going up and supply chains are tense, which has already led to limited availability of certain products. One possible cause is that the road transport industry is struggling to meet the growing demand while staying solvent.

Indeed, collective mobility costs for people have dramatically increased due to the inflationary pressure. Transport operators are no longer able to run mobility and logistics services in a clear and predictable operational environment.

As they already struggle with long-term contractual agreements, small and medium-sized companies in particular are forced to stop serving their clients. In this context, they will not be able to make the necessary investments to comply with the added pressure of decarbonisation policies.

IRU calls on governments to:

  • 1. support road transport operators immediately, and the essential services they provide for the economies and the communities that depend on them;
  • 2. revisit decarbonisation plans and timelines as outlined in IRU’s Green Compact, including alternative fuels, efficient logistics, collective passenger transport, vehicle efficiency and driver training measures.

Government measures

Below is an overview of current government measures to support the sector. We will endeavour to update this table on a regular basis. Please contact us if you have any additional information to share.

Fuel prices actions of governments per country

Country

Support scheme

Other support measures

Czech Republic

Cancellation of road tax for vehicles up to 12 tonnes. The total budget for the transport sector is EUR 160 million.

Deferment of advance payment of road tax; Postponement of VAT payment until October 2022; Control of diesel distributors' margins.
From 1 June to 30 September 2022, the excise duty rate on petrol and diesel was temporarily reduced by CZK 1.50 per litre. (EUR 0.06)

Finland

State aid package for road transport enterprises (haulage, bus/coach and taxi operators) to cover increased fuel costs during 3 months (February – April 2022).

For these months, the operator may be eligible for transportation fuel assistance of 5% of the cost of fuel purchased by the company and electricity used for transportation, excluding VAT.

Applications for this assistance must be submitted to the State Treasury before 30 November 2022.

A temporary cut in the biofuel blending obligation (7.5 percentage points, from 19.5% to 12%) for 2022 and 2023.
France

A flat-rate aid will be paid to transporters according to the number of vehicles and their tonnage: up to EUR 1,000 per coach, EUR 400 to 1,300 per truck, or EUR 300 per light commercial vehicle.

A total envelop of EUR 400 million is granted by the State to road freight and passenger transport companies.

Period of validity: 1 April to 31 July 2022.

A total of EUR 600 million is planned for discounts schemes. The following measures will apply:

  • A discount of EUR 0.15 excluding VAT per litre of diesel,
  • A discount of EUR 29 excluding VAT /100kg for LPG-c, LNG,
  • A discount of EUR 0.21 excluding VAT per kilogramme for CNG in compressed form (CNG),
  • Partial refund of the Domestic Consumption Tax on Energy Products (TICPE) relating to their fuel consumption in the context of their professional activity will be accelerated on a monthly basis,
  • Use of deferral or payment facilities for social and tax obligations.

Period of validity: 4 months starting from April.

Germany  

All fuel users benefit from a three-month reduction in the energy tax on fuels to the minimum allowed by EU legislation.

From 01.06.2022 and until 31.08.2022, energy tax on fuels has been reduced by 30 cents for gasoline and 14 cents for diesel. 

Hungary   Reduction by HUF 25 per litre in the fuel excise duty.
Ireland

EUR 100 payment per truck per week on an operator’s license for 8 weeks or EUR 800 per truck.

EUR 18 million scheme to support road haulage operators in the context of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, open to road haulage operators of all sizes with a valid operating license in Ireland that are affected by the current crisis. Under the scheme, the beneficiaries will be entitled to receive limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants.

  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.15 (including VAT ) on diesel until 11 October 2022 
  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.20 (including VAT) on petrol until 11 October 2022 
Italy  

Reduction of excise duties by 30 cents per litre - until 20 September 2022 (25 cents plus VAT at 22%):

  • For the second quarter of 2022, it will not be necessary to submit the declaration for the reimbursement of excise duties on the liters of diesel consumed.

  • Tax credit for the purchase of diesel -   496 million euro introduced as a tax credit in favor of freight haulage companies for the use of vehicles weighing 7.5 tons or more, the credit is equal to 28% tax credit for the first quarter of 2022 for the expenditure incurred on the purchase of diesel.

Luxembourg  

Measures in place until the end of July 2022:

  • Reduction of EUR 7.5 per litre of fuel (oil, diesel, petrol),
  • Adaptation of the tax credit linked to the CO2 tax,
  • Introduction of specific aid for companies affected by energy prices.
Netherlands  

Measures in place from 1 April to 31 December 2022:

  • The excise tax rate on petrol will fall by EUR 0.173 per litre, 
  • The excise tax rate on diesel will fall by EUR 0.111, 
  • The excise tax on LPG (including liquid propane and butane) and LNG will also be reduced by EUR 0.041 per litre (approximately EUR 0.08 per kilogramme).
Poland   VAT rate for petrol and diesel was reduced from 23% to 8% until 31 July 2022
Excise duties lowered until 31 July 2022.
Portugal

An envelope of EUR 400 million is planned for subsidies to companies on fuel (diesel, petrol or gas) and Adblue. Through a single installment, transport companies get per vehicle:

  • EUR 114 for fuel and EUR 4.20 for Adblue for vehicles ≤ 3.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 10.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 3.5t and ≤ 7.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 16.20 for Adblue for vehicles > 7.5t and ≤ 35t,
  • EUR 420 for fuel and EUR 37.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 35t.
  • The Petroleum Products Tax (ISP) rate will be reduced on a weekly basis if there is an increase in tax revenue (calculated as VAT on fuel sales). For example, for each increase in VAT revenue of 5%, the ISP will be reduced by 5%.
  • Suspension of increase in the carbon tax.

Period of validity:1 April until 31 December 2022

Romania

Scheme to support companies active in road transport of goods and persons - limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants. 

Total amount: EUR 60.7 million

 
Spain

Direct aid to transport companies 

Total amount EUR 450 million

Limit of EUR 400,000 per company

Vehicle Amount:

  • Heavy goods. Truck. 1,250 EUR
  • Light goods. Van.  500 EUR
  • Bus.  950 EUR
  • Taxis.  300 EUR
  • Vehicle rental with driver.  300 EUR
  • Between 1 April and 31 December 2022: 20 cents per litre discount (fuel and AdBlue) (gas vehicles will also have compensation based on the increase).

  • Approval of a line of guarantees for the coverage by the State of the financing granted by financial entities to companies and the self-employed - maximum amount of 10,000 million euros, up to 31 December 2022.

  • Monthly return of professional diesel.

  • Aid for abandoning the profession: An extraordinary credit (10,310,000 euros) is expected to be granted to the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and the Urban Agenda, to finance the call for aid for self-employed road carriers.

  • Extension of maturity periods and grace periods for government-guaranteed credits, government-sponsored credit line to refinance debts from previous lines.

  • Compensation for public service contracts belonging to the Spanish Transport Ministry.
    Legal changes so that each public authority (regions, city councils) can compensate their public service contracts and public school transport contracts.


     

Sweden   From May to October 2022, tax rate on transport fuels will be temporarily reduced by SEK 1.80 per litre (EUR 0.17). 

Live fuel prices


Fuel price shows the average price per litre at pump in many countries with up to 15 years of historical data.