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Fuel prices

Fuel prices

Responding to the fuel crisis

With growing global energy security concerns, there is no end in sight to fuel price volatility. Fuel prices have rapidly increased in many regions since the war in Ukraine began. Prices have nearly doubled in some places, especially on the European continent and in the Americas, and this has caused severe cash flow difficulties for road transport operators.

General prices are going up and supply chains are tense, which has already led to limited availability of certain products. One possible cause is that the road transport industry is struggling to meet the growing demand while staying solvent.

Indeed, collective mobility costs for people have dramatically increased due to the inflationary pressure. Transport operators are no longer able to run mobility and logistics services in a clear and predictable operational environment.

As they already struggle with long-term contractual agreements, small and medium-sized companies in particular are forced to stop serving their clients. In this context, they will not be able to make the necessary investments to comply with the added pressure of decarbonisation policies.

IRU calls on governments to:

  • 1. support road transport operators immediately, and the essential services they provide for the economies and the communities that depend on them;
  • 2. revisit decarbonisation plans and timelines as outlined in IRU’s Green Compact, including alternative fuels, efficient logistics, collective passenger transport, vehicle efficiency and driver training measures.

Government measures

Below is an overview of current government measures to support the sector. We will endeavour to update this table on a regular basis. Please contact us if you have any additional information to share.

Fuel prices actions of governments per country


Support scheme

Other support measures

Czech Republic

Cancellation of road tax for vehicles up to 12 tonnes. The total budget for the transport sector is EUR 160 million.

Deferment of advance payment of road tax; Postponement of VAT payment until October 2022; Control of diesel distributors' margins.
From 1 June to 30 September 2022, the excise duty rate on petrol and diesel was temporarily reduced by CZK 1.50 per litre. (EUR 0.06)


State aid package for road transport enterprises (haulage, bus/coach and taxi operators) to cover increased fuel costs during 3 months (February – April 2022).

For these months, the operator may be eligible for transportation fuel assistance of 5% of the cost of fuel purchased by the company and electricity used for transportation, excluding VAT.

Applications for this assistance must be submitted to the State Treasury before 30 November 2022.

A temporary cut in the biofuel blending obligation (7.5 percentage points, from 19.5% to 12%) for 2022 and 2023.

A flat-rate aid will be paid to transporters according to the number of vehicles and their tonnage: up to EUR 1,000 per coach, EUR 400 to 1,300 per truck, or EUR 300 per light commercial vehicle.

A total envelop of EUR 400 million is granted by the State to road freight and passenger transport companies.

Period of validity: 1 April to 31 July 2022.

A total of EUR 600 million is planned for discounts schemes. The following measures will apply:

  • A discount of EUR 0.15 excluding VAT per litre of diesel,
  • A discount of EUR 29 excluding VAT /100kg for LPG-c, LNG,
  • A discount of EUR 0.21 excluding VAT per kilogramme for CNG in compressed form (CNG),
  • Partial refund of the Domestic Consumption Tax on Energy Products (TICPE) relating to their fuel consumption in the context of their professional activity will be accelerated on a monthly basis, - Extended for Q3 2022.
  • Use of deferral or payment facilities for social and tax obligations.

Period of validity: 4 months starting from April. Extended until 31 December 2022

Until 31 October 2022, the discount is increased to 25 c€/L for diesel
and gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas.

Purchasing Power Law extends, for transport contracts concluded, as of 1 January 2023, the "fuel" indexation clause to all energy products, in order to take into account, the use of alternative fuels.


All fuel users benefit from a three-month reduction in the energy tax on fuels to the minimum allowed by EU legislation.

From 01.06.2022 and until 31.08.2022, energy tax on fuels has been reduced by 30 cents for gasoline and 14 cents for diesel. 


EUR 100 payment per truck per week on an operator’s license for 8 weeks or EUR 800 per truck.

EUR 18 million scheme to support road haulage operators in the context of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, open to road haulage operators of all sizes with a valid operating license in Ireland that are affected by the current crisis. Under the scheme, the beneficiaries will be entitled to receive limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants.

  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.15 (including VAT ) on diesel until 11 October 2022 
  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.20 (including VAT) on petrol until 11 October 2022 

Reduction of excise duties by 30 cents per litre - until 30 November 2022 (25 cents plus VAT at 22%):

  • From 1 December to 31 December 2022, a minor reduction in excise duty will be applied equal to 15 cents per liter of the purchase price at the petrol and diesel pump and 3.4 cents per kilogram of the purchase price at the LPG pump.  The elimination of the excise duty and the reduction of the VAT rate from 22 to 5 percent on methane remains confirmed until 31 December. Similarly, the simultaneous suspension of the rate of excise duty on professional diesel will be valid until 30 November 2022; therefore this rate will reapply from 1 December 2022.
  • For the second quarter of 2022, it will not be necessary to submit the declaration for the reimbursement of excise duties on the litres of diesel consumed.

  • Tax credit for the purchase of diesel -   496 million euro introduced as a tax credit in favour of freight haulage companies for the use of vehicles weighing 7.5 tons or more, the credit is equal to 28% tax credit for the first quarter of 2022 for the expenditure incurred on the purchase of diesel.


Measures in place until the end of July 2022:

  • Reduction of EUR 7.5 per litre of fuel (oil, diesel, petrol),
  • Adaptation of the tax credit linked to the CO2 tax,
  • Introduction of specific aid for companies affected by energy prices.

Measures in place from 1 April to 31 December 2022:

  • The excise tax rate on petrol will fall by EUR 0.173 per litre, 
  • The excise tax rate on diesel will fall by EUR 0.111, 
  • The excise tax on LPG (including liquid propane and butane) and LNG will also be reduced by EUR 0.041 per litre (approximately EUR 0.08 per kilogramme).
Poland   VAT rate for petrol and diesel was reduced from 23% to 8% until 31 July 2022
Excise duties lowered until 31 July 2022.

An envelope of EUR 400 million is planned for subsidies to companies on fuel (diesel, petrol or gas) and Adblue. Through a single instalment, transport companies get per vehicle:

  • EUR 114 for fuel and EUR 4.20 for Adblue for vehicles ≤ 3.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 10.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 3.5t and ≤ 7.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 16.20 for Adblue for vehicles > 7.5t and ≤ 35t,
  • EUR 420 for fuel and EUR 37.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 35t.
  • The Petroleum Products Tax (ISP) rate will be reduced on a weekly basis if there is an increase in tax revenue (calculated as VAT on fuel sales). For example, for each increase in VAT revenue of 5%, the ISP will be reduced by 5%.
  • Suspension of increase in the carbon tax.

Period of validity:1 April until 31 December 2022


Scheme to support companies active in road transport of goods and persons - limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants. 

Total amount: EUR 60.7 million


€600 million of direct grants

Covering increased costs of natural gas and electricity.

The maximum possible amount of subsidy is 500 000 € per undertaking.


Direct aid to transport companies 

Total amount EUR 450 million

Limit of EUR 400,000 per company

Vehicle Amount:

  • Heavy goods. Truck. 1,250 EUR
  • Light goods. Van.  500 EUR
  • Bus.  950 EUR
  • Taxis.  300 EUR
  • Vehicle rental with driver.  300 EUR
  • Between 1 January and 1 April 2023: 20 cents per litre discount (fuel and AdBlue) (gas vehicles will also have compensation based on the increase). After 01 April 2023 - 10 cents per litre discount.

  • Approval of a line of guarantees for the coverage by the State of the financing granted by financial entities to companies and the self-employed - maximum amount of 10,000 million euros, up to 31 December 2022.

  • Monthly return of professional diesel.

  • Aid for abandoning the profession: An extraordinary credit (10,310,000 euros) is expected to be granted to the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and the Urban Agenda, to finance the call for aid for self-employed road carriers.

  • Extension of maturity periods and grace periods for government-guaranteed credits, government-sponsored credit line to refinance debts from previous lines.

  • Compensation for public service contracts belonging to the Spanish Transport Ministry.
    Legal changes so that each public authority (regions, city councils) can compensate their public service contracts and public school transport contracts.

  • The extension of the temporary modification of the road transport price review formula that was approved in June is maintained,  passing the weight of fuel from 30 at 40%.

  • The Central Government pays for a 30% discount of fares of regional and urban bus and coach regular lines, provided that the respective authority also offers a 20 % discount (the offer has to be at least a 50 % discount in total).

  • Free regular intercity transport by coach for passengers who use the coach lines owned by the Central Government with a minimum frequency in 2023.


Tax on transport fuel will be permanently reduced by 80 öre, Euro 0.073 (excl. VAT) in 2023. However, the government will index the tax with the CPI (plus 2 percentage points extra), which resulted in a 10.68 per cent tax increase then reduced by 80 öre. Therefore, the real tax reduction was then 14 öre (Euro 0.013) for petrol and 41 (Euro 0.038) öre for diesel. 

System for blending biofuels into conventional fuels (Reduktionsplikten) will be reformed. Potentially could lower the transport fuel price (diesel) by approx. SEK 3.50-4.00 (Euro 0.32-0.37) per liter.  

Live fuel prices

Fuel price shows the average price per litre at pump in many countries with up to 15 years of historical data.