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Цены на топливо

Цены на топливо

Меры реагирования на топливный кризис

В свете существующих угроз мировой энергетической безопасности волатильность цен на топливо в обозримом будущем сохранится. С начала войны в Украине цены на топливо стремительно растут в большинстве регионов мира. В отдельных странах, особенно в Европе и Северной и Южной Америке, цены выросли вдвое, в связи с чем перевозчики испытывают серьезную нехватку оборотных средств.

Растут цены и на все прочие категории товаров, а в сочетании с чрезмерной нагрузкой на цепочки поставок это уже привело к нехватке некоторых продуктов. К числу прочих причин дефицитов относится то, что автотранспортная отрасль едва справляется с удовлетворением растущего спроса и одновременно — с поддержанием платежеспособности.

В действительности, население вынуждено оплачивать существенно возросшие под давлением инфляции расходы на перевозки. Транспортные операторы не могут оказывать услуги пассажирских и грузовых перевозок в прозрачной и предсказуемой среде.

Им уже непросто выполнять долгосрочные контракты, особенно малым и средним предприятиям, которые вынуждены приостанавливать обслуживание клиентов. В подобных условиях они не смогут вкладывать средства в соблюдение ужесточившихся требований к декарбонизации.
IRU призывает правительства:

  • 1. в кратчайшие сроки поддержать автотранспортных операторов и оказываемые ими жизненно важные для экономики и общества услуги;
  •  2. пересмотреть планы по декарбонизации и ее сроки с учетом «Зеленого» подхода IRU, включая применение альтернативных видов топлива, эффективную логистику, общественный транспорт, производительность транспортных средств и меры, направленные на профессиональную подготовку водителей.

Правительственные меры

Ниже приводится обзор текущих правительственных мер, направленных на поддержку сектора. Мы постараемся регулярно уточнять информацию в таблице. Если у вас есть какие-либо дополнительные сведения, просьба связаться с нами.

 
Fuel prices actions of governments per country

Country

Support scheme

Other support measures

Czech Republic

Cancellation of road tax for vehicles up to 12 tonnes. The total budget for the transport sector is EUR 160 million.

Deferment of advance payment of road tax; Postponement of VAT payment until October 2022; Control of diesel distributors' margins.
From 1 June to 30 September 2022, the excise duty rate on petrol and diesel was temporarily reduced by CZK 1.50 per litre. (EUR 0.06)

Finland

State aid package for road transport enterprises (haulage, bus/coach and taxi operators) to cover increased fuel costs during 3 months (February – April 2022).

For these months, the operator may be eligible for transportation fuel assistance of 5% of the cost of fuel purchased by the company and electricity used for transportation, excluding VAT.

Applications for this assistance must be submitted to the State Treasury before 30 November 2022.

A temporary cut in the biofuel blending obligation (7.5 percentage points, from 19.5% to 12%) for 2022 and 2023.
France

A flat-rate aid will be paid to transporters according to the number of vehicles and their tonnage: up to EUR 1,000 per coach, EUR 400 to 1,300 per truck, or EUR 300 per light commercial vehicle.

A total envelop of EUR 400 million is granted by the State to road freight and passenger transport companies.

Period of validity: 1 April to 31 July 2022.

A total of EUR 600 million is planned for discounts schemes. The following measures will apply:

  • A discount of EUR 0.15 excluding VAT per litre of diesel,
  • A discount of EUR 29 excluding VAT /100kg for LPG-c, LNG,
  • A discount of EUR 0.21 excluding VAT per kilogramme for CNG in compressed form (CNG),
  • Partial refund of the Domestic Consumption Tax on Energy Products (TICPE) relating to their fuel consumption in the context of their professional activity will be accelerated on a monthly basis, -Extended for Q3 2022.
  • Use of deferral or payment facilities for social and tax obligations.

Period of validity: 4 months starting from April. Extended until 31 December 2022

Until 31 October 2022, the discount is increased to 25 c€/L for diesel
and gasoline and liquefied petroleum gas.

Purchasing Power Law extends, for transport contracts concluded, as of 1 January 2023, the "fuel" indexation clause to all energy products, in order to take into account, the use of alternative fuels.

Germany  

All fuel users benefit from a three-month reduction in the energy tax on fuels to the minimum allowed by EU legislation.

From 01.06.2022 and until 31.08.2022, energy tax on fuels has been reduced by 30 cents for gasoline and 14 cents for diesel.

Hungary   Reduction by HUF 25 per litre in the fuel excise duty.
Ireland

EUR 100 payment per truck per week on an operator’s license for 8 weeks or EUR 800 per truck.

EUR 18 million scheme to support road haulage operators in the context of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, open to road haulage operators of all sizes with a valid operating license in Ireland that are affected by the current crisis. Under the scheme, the beneficiaries will be entitled to receive limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants.

  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.15 (including VAT ) on diesel until 11 October 2022 
  • Excise reduction of EUR 0.20 (including VAT) on petrol until 11 October 2022 
Italy  

Reduction of excise duties by 30 cents per litre - until 31 October 2022 (25 cents plus VAT at 22%):

  • From 1 December to 31 December 2022, a minor reduction in excise duty will be applied equal to 15 cents per liter of the purchase price at the petrol and diesel pump and 3.4 cents per kilogram of the purchase price at the LPG pump. The elimination of the excise duty and the reduction of the VAT rate from 22 to 5 percent on methane remains confirmed until 31 December. Similarly, the simultaneous suspension of the rate of excise duty on professional diesel will be valid until 30 November 2022; therefore this rate will reapply from 1 December 2022.
  • For the second quarter of 2022, it will not be necessary to submit the declaration for the reimbursement of excise duties on the liters of diesel consumed.

  • Tax credit for the purchase of diesel -   496 million euro introduced as a tax credit in favor of freight haulage companies for the use of vehicles weighing 7.5 tons or more, the credit is equal to 28% tax credit for the first quarter of 2022 for the expenditure incurred on the purchase of diesel.

Luxembourg  

Measures in place until the end of July 2022:

  • Reduction of EUR 7.5 per litre of fuel (oil, diesel, petrol),
  • Adaptation of the tax credit linked to the CO2 tax,
  • Introduction of specific aid for companies affected by energy prices.
Netherlands  

Measures in place from 1 April to 31 December 2022:

  • The excise tax rate on petrol will fall by EUR 0.173 per litre, 
  • The excise tax rate on diesel will fall by EUR 0.111, 
  • The excise tax on LPG (including liquid propane and butane) and LNG will also be reduced by EUR 0.041 per litre (approximately EUR 0.08 per kilogramme).
Poland   VAT rate for petrol and diesel was reduced from 23% to 8% until 31 July 2022
Excise duties lowered until 31 July 2022.
Portugal

An envelope of EUR 400 million is planned for subsidies to companies on fuel (diesel, petrol or gas) and Adblue. Through a single installment, transport companies get per vehicle:

  • EUR 114 for fuel and EUR 4.20 for Adblue for vehicles ≤ 3.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 10.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 3.5t and ≤ 7.5t,
  • EUR 270 for fuel and EUR 16.20 for Adblue for vehicles > 7.5t and ≤ 35t,
  • EUR 420 for fuel and EUR 37.80 for Adblue for vehicles > 35t.
  • The Petroleum Products Tax (ISP) rate will be reduced on a weekly basis if there is an increase in tax revenue (calculated as VAT on fuel sales). For example, for each increase in VAT revenue of 5%, the ISP will be reduced by 5%.
  • Suspension of increase in the carbon tax.

Period of validity:1 April until 31 December 2022

Romania

Scheme to support companies active in road transport of goods and persons - limited amounts of aid in the form of direct grants. 

Total amount: EUR 60.7 million

 
Spain

Direct aid to transport companies 

Total amount EUR 450 million

Limit of EUR 400,000 per company

Vehicle Amount:

  • Heavy goods. Truck. 1,250 EUR
  • Light goods. Van.  500 EUR
  • Bus.  950 EUR
  • Taxis.  300 EUR
  • Vehicle rental with driver.  300 EUR
  • Between 1 April and 31 December 2022: 20 cents per litre discount (fuel and AdBlue) (gas vehicles will also have compensation based on the increase).

  • Approval of a line of guarantees for the coverage by the State of the financing granted by financial entities to companies and the self-employed - maximum amount of 10,000 million euros, up to 31 December 2022.

  • Monthly return of professional diesel.

  • Aid for abandoning the profession: An extraordinary credit (10,310,000 euros) is expected to be granted to the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and the Urban Agenda, to finance the call for aid for self-employed road carriers.

  • Extension of maturity periods and grace periods for government-guaranteed credits, government-sponsored credit line to refinance debts from previous lines.

  • Compensation for public service contracts belonging to the Spanish Transport Ministry.
    Legal changes so that each public authority (regions, city councils) can compensate their public service contracts and public school transport contracts.

Sweden   From May to October 2022, tax rate on transport fuels will be temporarily reduced by SEK 1.80 per litre (EUR 0.17). 

Цены на топливо


Цена на топливо показывает среднюю цену за литр на заправке во многих странах с отсылкой к историческим данным до 15 лет.